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Probiotics for intestinal balance

Probiotics for intestinal balance

Current research estimates that 70-80% of the cells of the immune system are in the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the colon, and that only 11% is present in the blood. During the life of an individual, the intestinal mucosa comes into contact with an incalculable number of antigens, therefore, the presence of defenses that ensure adequate immune protection is essential.

What is an intestinal microbiota?

The term "intestinal microbiota" defines the microbial community of the enteric tract, consisting mainly of bacteria, as well as yeasts, parasites and viruses, which forms a lining of the intestinal mucosa. When these communities live in equilibrium there is a definite condition of eubiosis. In physiological conditions, the microbiota has a protective function against pathogenic germs, ensures intestinal regularity, promotes nutrient absorption, reinforces the immune system's defensive functions, therefore, the role that a microbiota plays is fundamental for general health.

The balance of the microbiota can be altered by several factors, such as antibiotic treatment, nutritional changes, alterations of gastrointestinal motility, malabsorption syndromes, genetic alterations and immune system deficiency. Any alteration of this balance caused by the prevalence of some bacteria on others changes the microbiota and causes the appearance of numerous disorders. This condition is known as intestinal dysbiosis and plays such an important role as to be considered the "mother of all diseases".

The composition of the microbiota can be controlled through probiotics (oral supplements of vital microorganisms that improve the balance between the different intestinal bacterial species, bringing beneficial effects) or prebiotics (oligo-saccharides used by the intestinal flora).

What are probiotics?

Probiotics allow the intake of live microorganisms, including lactobacilli, bifidobacteria and saccharomycetes.

On the market there are several products containing different species of these bacteria, in combination or not. These products make the bacterial flora more resistant and reactive; they are used in the prevention and treatment of some gastrointestinal disorders (antibiotic-associated diarrhea, infectious diarrhea, rotavirus-induced diarrhea in children, lactose intolerance, inflammatory bowel disease).

In order for it to be called "probiotic", a bacterium must possess the following specific characteristics and properties:

-It must be normally present in our intestine;

-It must be safe for human use;

- must have human origin;

-it must not be antibiotic carriers acquired and / or transmissible resistances;

- must resist the digestive action of gastric juice, intestinal enzymes and bile salts;

- must be able to adhere to the intestinal cells and colonize them;

- must have a beneficial effect on human health, thanks to antagonism against pathogenic microorganisms and the production of antimicrobial substances;

-It must be active and vital at the intestinal level in such quantity as to justify any beneficial effects observed in efficacy studies;

- must have verifiable vitality and stability of conservation;

- must be able to persist and multiply in the human intestine;

-It must not give immune or otherwise harmful reactions.

By contrast, "probiotics tindalized" mean probiotic bacteria subjected to heat treatment at 56 ° C for 30 minutes which optimize the immune system's defensive function in the intestine. Heat kills bacteria but preserves their structure and function, making them stable against gastric acids and biliary juices, as well as at room temperature, for long periods.

What are prebiotics?

However, the probiotic approach presents a drawback: the live microorganisms before reaching the colon and exercising their specific activity remain in the stomach for about 60 minutes in an acid environment and therefore hostile to their survival.

We have tried to overcome this problem by providing specific nourishment to the intestinal microbiota in order to stimulate its growth, rather than implementing it from the outside with the administration of germs. This approach is called a prebiotic. According to the definition of the Ministry of Health, prebiotics are "food-indigestible substances that, when taken in adequate quantities, selectively favor the growth and activity of one or more bacteria already present in the intestinal tract or that are taken together at the prebiotic. Prebiotics are basically soluble dietary fibers found in fruits and vegetables ".

Specifically, only oligosaccharides behave like real prebiotics ((fruit-oligosaccharides (Fos), galacto-oligo-saccharides (Tos), gluco-oligo-saccharides (Gos), soy-oligo-saccharides (Sos)).
The natural approach recommended by Dr. Comollo for maintaining intestinal balance

Recently, associations of probiotics and prebiotics have been proposed: their function is to improve the survival of probiotic organisms and to provide a specific substrate for the resident bacterial flora. These associations are defined by the term Symbiotics.

In Blend Rigenera® (present in the "Erboflora" products), with symbiotic activity, the probiotic strains have unique characteristics and are stable in the acidic environment of the stomach (confirmed by laboratory studies) and the prebiotic components have been dosed with specific ratios: For example, they respect the Gos / Fos 9: 1 ratio as in breast milk, and this relationship is fundamental and must be maintained unchanged, mainly if breast milk is considered the first natural dietary element forming the balanced intestinal microflora of the newborn; they also respect the ratio 10: 1 bifidogenic fiber (Gos plus Fos) with the lactogenic one (polydextrose), considering the 10: 1 ratio between bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in a healthy intestine.

Only these characteristics can guarantee efficacy and proper nourishment of the probiotic component and exclude symptoms such as abdominal swelling typical of the fibers not correctly dosed and not carefully selected.

In summary, there are many types of lactic ferments on the market, but if they are not with a content and in the right ratio, they may not give the desired effect! We have selected for you, for all the above mentioned reasons, the Biodue Erboflora Line. The Erboflora vials have 3Phase® packaging with a triple patented protective layer to ensure an impenetrable barrier against moisture, to guarantee the vitality of the ferments in the vials.

Dr. Laura Comollo

Visit our herbal department or contact us for any clarification or for more information.

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